Snorting cocaine is the most common form of ingestion, which consists of its own set of complications and consequences.
Cocaine is a stimulant that is generally consumed in many ways, such as smoking, snorting, and injecting, but the most common method of ingestion is snorting. Small amounts of cocaine are referred to as bumps, which are commonly snorted off of long fingernails or keys. Larger doses of cocaine are usually cut and arranged in straight lines and snorted, generally through a straw-shaped tool, often a rolled-up bill. Such doses are commonly referred to as rails or lines.
Snorting cocaine can increase the risk of addiction, lung infections, brain abscesses, overdose, and cause irreversible damage to nasal tissue.
Snorting cocaine can cause bone loss, collapsed nasal passages, nasal obstruction, sinusitis, chronic halitosis, and a hole in the nasal septum.
Some of the physical signs that someone is snorting cocaine are frequent nosebleeds, mood swings, runny nose, and sniffling.
Snorting cocaine produces a lengthier high and increases a persons’ tolerance to cocaine. Snorting cocaine also comes with its own set of health complications.
Snorting cocaine isn’t the quickest way to absorb the substance and activate its effects. Although it’s not fast-acting as when injected or smoked, the drug’s pleasurable effects are felt longer when snorted. However, snorting cocaine can cause numbness to the throat, mouth, and tongue. The effects felt through snorting generally last for around 15 to 30 minutes.
Cocaine functions by entering the bloodstream and working its way to the brain. When an individual inhales cocaine, it binds itself to the soft tissues in the nose, where it is gradually absorbed into the bloodstream. Cocaine releases high levels of dopamine in the body and parts of the brain that induces pleasure. The build-up of these chemicals provides the user with a boost of energy and alertness referred to as a high.
The primary reason many prefer to snort cocaine instead of injecting or smoking is that the effects tend to last relatively long, and it is convenient and less intrusive than other methods.
The nose is a very vital and complex part of our body. It contains 400 different types of receptors that help us identify and distinguish smells. The nose is able to distinguish between 1 trillion different scents. The nose also helps us taste food and, to some degree, filters the air we breathe. When air travels through the nostrils, it flows through mucous membranes and small hair that act together to trap and lockdown particles like dirt and dust that are unsafe for the lungs.
Snorting cocaine can cause damage to the nasal cavity and throat that could result in nose bleeds and a loss of smell. However, the most dangerous aspect of snorting is its ability to increase an individual’s tolerance much faster than when consumed through other methods. Subsequently increasing the chances of experiencing an overdose.
While all methods of ingestion can lead to overdose, snorting carries its own set of dangers. In particular, snoring affects the sensitive tissues in the nose and throat directly. When the use of cocaine becomes a daily habit, the damage to soft tissue can slowly worsen. The first sign of nasal tissue damage is a runny nose. Although it doesn’t sound as serious, this is generally caused by a sinus infection or contaminated tool and environments used to snort cocaine off from.
Although it is unpleasant, a sinus infection does not pose a significant threat, but when cocaine is snorted more regularly, it leaves the nose with no time to heal. Chronic irritation in the nasal cavity can lead to nose bleeds and inevitably towards reduced blood flow to the affected area over time. The restricted blood flow to the affected area further aggravates the situation by not allowing the area to heal. Wounded tissues with no blood flow will eventually die.
The delicate tissues in the upper nose and palate will suffer first, causing holes to appear in the nasal cavity. The frequently cited side effect of snorting cocaine is the deterioration of the septum (tissue separating the nose), which causes the nose ridge to gradually buckle. This long-term damage is known as the saddle nose deformity, which is caused by damage to cartilage and soft tissue. When infections in the nose intensify, they can also spread to surrounding organs. In chronic users, untreated sinus infections migrate to the eyes, which can permanently impair vision, cause spine and brain infections, and even result in hearing loss.
The initial treatment for all forms of addiction starts with detoxification. Followed by counseling and other forms of rehabilitation therapies that are effective in addressing and treating psychological dependence on cocaine. Depending on the severity of one’s addiction, patients can receive their treatment at an inpatient or outpatient treatment center. The duration of treatment for each individual may vary depending on the needs and requirements of each patient. After the successful completion of inpatient or outpatient treatment programs, patients must continue their treatment with aftercare programs to avoid relapses and prolong their recovery.
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